What is Law?
What is law? This is a question asked by many, with differing answers and explanations. The law is basically law created and administered by governmental or social institutions to legally regulate conduct, with an exact definition still a matter of long-standing debate. In the United States in particular, the law is codified at the US Congress, and has varied interpretations according to each state. It is also widely held by citizens that it is a set of rules devised by man, for man. A good example of this is the 10th Amendment which grants every citizen the right to bear arms, but not the power to shoot at a person.
The word ‘law’ is derived from the Greek word ‘kristos’ meaning ruling authority, and therefore refers to a body of laws, regulations, adjudications, judicial proceedings, etc. These laws were adjudicated by judges (jurists) who were expected to interpret the intentions of the societies they ruled. A major portion of the entire legal system of the ancient world was comprised of this body of law. In fact, most scholars believe that the entire area of jurisprudence is the result of the accumulation and compilation of human wisdom which was accumulated over the centuries by societies all over the world.
In today’s society, the function of the law is not to define penalties for criminal acts, but rather to ensure compliance by the citizens of a country with their obligations towards other people, organizations, communities or the state. The main aim of the courts is to protect the rights of the citizens as they are obligated to respect human rights. They also aim to administer justice by preventing breaches of the law. This is why, even though the laws may seem overly complicated at first glance, they actually form a network of interrelated concepts. One of these concepts is commonly referred to as law as equity.
Law as equity refers to the relationship between the society and the individuals within that society. There are two main theories of justice in this theory. First, there is what is called social justice, which seeks to maximize the general welfare of the society as a whole. Second, there is private justice, which is focused on protecting individual rights, such as those of property, speech, and actions. There are also forms of jurisprudence that deal only with specific societal problems, such as racial inequality, war, and economic exploitation.
One important aspect of how judges in modern societies determine what is just is that judges themselves have a perception of what is just and what is not. As a judge, you will be expected to base your decisions and judgments on what you perceive to be the social and legal norms of the time. The majority of judges however, do not personally hold these views, thus creating an opening for challenges to be raised during trials. There are two main aims of a trial: proof and persuasion. Proving the guilt of the defendant and convincing the jury to convict are key elements in this process.
There are three types of judges in modern society: district, probate, and supreme court. In a typical county or city, there are usually one or more circuit courts that hear criminal cases. A small number of states have supreme court, which has the power to hear and decide cases that are more complex and require extraordinary measures. All jurisdictions have criminal law acts, which outline the crimes that are classified as criminal, including some that are not. While the laws and rules governing criminal cases are always changing, there are certain fundamental rules that remain consistent across the board.