It is home to five hundred million neurons, and is also known as the “second brain”. We are referring to the intestine. This organ is vital for digestion and, from an immunological perspective, for hormone production and various other physiological functions.
The intestine is influenced by nutrition and individual psychological wellbeing. It measures between 7 and 10 metres in length and has two parts: the small and the large. It can hold around 30 tonnes of food and 50 thousand litres liquids during an average person’s life.
Irritatable bowel is one of the most common diseases in the intestine. It affects about two-thirds of people and is second to the flu in absences from work.
Digestive starts in the mouth
It is easy to forget that chewing properly is important. This is because saliva contains enzymes that help the digestive process.
After swallowing, the food goes into the stomach. There it meets acids that aid digestion. Finally, the food is taken into the duodenum. This is where the enzymes from the pancreas are found. Then, absorption takes place.
In fact, the small intestine has the function to absorb all nutrients. This process is completed in colon and then the elimination of any waste.
What are the symptoms of Irritable Bowel Syndrome?
These symptoms can be very varied.
Diarrhoea can be accompanied by constipation, or the opposite, diarrhoea. Other common symptoms include bloating, and a feeling in the abdomen that the patient is unable to locate.
There are many causes of irritable bowel syndrome. These include biological factors such as an alteration of the motility of your intestines, emotional and psycho-cognitive issues, and it is not surprising that people of working age suffer from the condition. Patients often link the pain to a stressful event or event that has triggered or exacerbated their symptoms.
There’s no test to diagnose irritable bowel syndrome
The diagnosis of exclusion is frequently made based on the patient’s medical history.
The gastroenterologist must check for any changes in general examinations and stool tests, as well as intestinal infections.
If symptoms indicate that there is something more serious, more invasive exams will be performed. However, irritable bowel syndrome itself is a benign condition that has no chance of becoming more severe.
What treatment options are available for IBS patients?
It is important to determine the root cause of the patient’s condition.
Stress and other factors can cause irregularity in the intestinal system. It is also possible for certain foods to become intolerances over time.
It is important to keep a food journal to help you identify foods that can cause discomfort.
Patients suffering from constipation can be treated with fiber, hygiene, and lifestyle advice.
If this is not possible for different reasons, medication may be used.
For symptoms like diarrhoea or pain, the same process is used.
The following recommendations are generally for maintaining healthy intestines: Eat a healthy diet, exercise regularly, reduce stress and only use medication for specific purposes.